NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF FORMER BORDER PATROL OFFICERS
Visit our website: http://www.nafbpo.org
Foreign News Report
The National Association of Former Border Patrol Officers (NAFBPO) extracts and condenses the material that follows from Mexican, Central and South American and U.S. on-line media sources on a daily basis. You are free to disseminate this information, but we request that you do so in its entirety and credit NAFBPO as being the provider.
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PROPOSAL FOR COMPREHENSIVE IMMIGRATION
ENFORCEMENT AND REFORM
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There may be graphic photographs that accompany some articles in the body of this report. It is not our intention to sensationalize. We include these photos in order to give to you, the American public, a clearer understanding of the seriousness of the situation in Mexico and Central America.
Blog Del Narco (http://www.blogdelnarco.com/)
**Asterisk denotes death involving a police officer or a member of the military serving in that capacity.
PIEDRAS NEGRAS, COAHUILA*
Gunmen attacked and executed Celia Catalina Cuevas Reyes, Deputy Administrator of Customs. She was enroute with three other Customs employees to inspect a shipment received from the U.S. Although only 2 blocks from the Customs location, and with numerous officers from several jurisdictions nearby, none of the gunmen were located. Only she was shot and killed.
BENITO JUÁREZ, NUEVO LEÓN
Federal Police spotted a vehicle with armed people and began a chase. As they fled, they were seen by municipal police who radioed the feds, and cornered the fleeing vehicle when it struck a parked car. A female assassin was dead there and a teen gunman was killed. The third one walked wounded to a home, where the gunman terrorized the family until the army shot and killed him. Seized were 3 rifles, 20 magazines, cartridges, cartridge belts, radios, and the vehicle, reported stolen.
Again, narco banners have been publicly put up threatening DEA Agents with death. This is not the first time. They are signed by El Diego of La Linea, the Juarez cartel boss just arrested.
The PGR (prosecutor’s office) has offered a large reward for Angel Almanza Erasmus Quezada, aka El Chabelo. He is wanted for the kidnapping and execution of the brothers of a former prosecutor in Chihuahua, Additionally he’s connected to the murder of Benjamin Franklin Ray Le Baron, leader of the Mormon community, and his brother Luis Carlos Widmar Stubbs.
Three men were brutally attacked, beaten and tortured and then one was shot and killed. The other two were treated by paramedics and transported.
Authorities responded to a report of two bodies floating in the Infiernillo Dam. They were identified as two brothers kidnapped on July 13th.
Two butchered men, cut into pieces, were left near a city landmark inside of galvanized tubs. The unidentified men were taken by the Medical Examiner.
MONTERREY, NUEVO LEÓN
About 9 am yesterday, a report was received of a man dumped that had been run over and shot. He remains unidentified. (This is being reported for the opportunity to explain that not every single report such as this one is reported. There are simply so many, it would fill pages and likely, few of our subscribers would be able to read the full report then.)
A man was shopping in a shopping bazaar, loading furniture into a van with a companion. The man, from Novolato, was shot by gunmen.
The Mexican military has captured Manuel de Jesús Palma Morquecho, alias El Macario, head of the Nogales-Naco-Agua Prieta-Cananea plaza for the Sinaloa cartel. The operation was the result of intelligence efforts to weaken the structure of El Chapo’s cartel.
MONTERREY, NUEVO LEÓN**
At about 9 pm Friday, two municipal police officers, Mario Guadalupe Rivera Torres and Ricardo Vallejo Davila were executed, and another officer gravely injured. Shortly after midnight, two youth aged 12 and 14, were gunned down near their home. In total, nine people were killed overnight.
CHALCO, STATE OF MEXICO
Federal Police had a confrontation with members of LFM in the Soriano store parking lot. Five were captured, and two killed, Pedro de Jesus Ramirez, alias Peter, who in life was the leader of that cell. Morgan Roqui Hernandez, who was his chief bodyguard, also died. The group had been extorting, kidnapping, and drug sales. Seized were 3 vehicles, radios, cell chip, documents, and narco banners.
A man was gunned down in front of 2 hotels during the day. Later two men were at a seafood restaurant on the beach. Gunmen arrived, and gunned them down in front of dozens of tourist customers.
Jalisco State Police captured three gunmen and a ‘hawk’ who watched and informed on the police and military. Weapons, magazines, cartridges, radios, cell phones and more were seized.
Chihuahua state investigators arrest 2 in rape, death of girl, 3 years old
Reports: Juarez cartel armed wing leader nabbed
Mexican beach seizures yields 5 tons of marijuana
Smuggled Women and Guns, Recipe for a Prison Riot
(Of the 24 killed at the prison, 20 were Aztecas and the others Mexicles. Although video tape shows 3 of the guards, and the identity of killers, no arrests have been announced. Just prior to the prison riot, there was an announcement that federal police would be leaving Ciudad Juarez. This was followed by the riot. Chief of Police Leyzaola was attacked by federal police, not the first time, while his caravan was responding to the riot. Per the Mexican media, both the Chief and the Chihuahua state Governor are urging the federal government to reinstate the funding for the city. With the Chief a retired career military officer, reportedly very effective there as well as in his previous position of Chief in Tijuana, the question begs if there is a power struggle going on among the authorities in charge of Ciudad Juarez security.)
Feds freeze funds for Mexican city over failure to improve police
Cocaine recovered from sunken sub off Honduras
New banners in Mexico threaten US employees
Domestic News – United States
Two more Fast & Furious hearings planned this year
Issa: “the agents involved tried to defend that this wasn’t technically gun walking, but the guns walked and people died.”
The Illegal Immigration Enforcement and Social Security Protection Act of 2009, H.R. 98
More than 11,500 pounds of marijuana seized
Two women connected with meth smuggling
Crossing borders: In besieged Mormon colony, Mitt Romney’s Mexican roots remain strong
‘15 Most Wanted’ Manhunt Ends in Mexico
For workers on the Rio Grande, caution follows close calls
“What should be alarming to every American is that the data the (Obama) administration is relying upon is clearly faulty if the attack on the Hidalgo Water Improvement District employees is not included in (Department of Homeland Security) statistics,” Staples said.
Improving Mexican economy draws undocumented immigrants home from California
ICE Union President Accuses Administration of Deception on Immigration Enforcement
BP arrests illegal immigrant wanted for attempted murder
Heroin, Cocaine, Meth Busts Up at Border
MS-13 gang leader convicted of prostituting 12-year-old girl
Border Patrol Gets Cooperation From Local Officers With “Free Money”
Repairing border fence can be costly
Feds bust multi-state Asian brothel operation; Overlea home raided
14 charged with arranging sham marriages
Amendment Seeks to Help Border Patrol Do Their Jobs
NAFBPO is active in the effort to ease environmental laws which restrict our agents from full and unimpeded access to the entire border. NAFBPO has twice testified in Congress on this, most recently on July 8, 2011.
Latinos accuse Border Patrol and Immigration Customs Enforcement agents of racial profiling
(Commentary-if an entity services illegal aliens, regardless of country of origin, expect enforcement. Failure of the agents to do so would be dereliction of duty. IMHO, their concern is more about losing clientele which bring them grants to pay their salaries.)
Did You Know?
Mexican Immigrant Labor History
The Mexican migratory worker in southwest America is regarded as a necessary part of the bustling harvest season. The need of U.S. employers to import foreign manual labor was heightened first by the expansion of cattle ranches in the Southwest, and by the increase of fruit production in California in 1850 and 1880.
Before Mexican workers supported American agriculture, it was the Chinese who filled the labor hole. Nearly 200,000 Chinese were legally contracted to cultivate California fields, until the Chinese Exclusion Act. Then it was the Japanese who replaced the Chinese as field hands.
Between 1850 and 1880, 55,000 Mexican workers immigrated to the United States to become field hands in regions that had, until very recently, belonged to Mexico. The institution of Mexican workers in the United States was well established at this time in commercial agriculture, the mining industry, light industry and the railroad. The working conditions and salaries of the Mexicans were poor.
The presence of Mexican workers in the American labor scene started with the construction of the railroad between Mexico and the U.S. That presence grew between 1880 and 1890. As much as 60 percent of the railway working crews were Mexican. Rodolfo Tuiran, in his paper “Past and Present of the Mexican Immigration to the United States”, reports that the initial flood of migrant workers to the United States were mainly skilled miners, work hands from cattle ranches in Mexico, indentured servants fleeing Mexican farms, small independent producers who were forced north by natural disasters or Indian raids and workers affected by the War of Secession.
In the aftermath of the Mexican Revolution in 1910, the Mexican government was unable to improve the lives of its citizens. By the late 1930s, the crop fields in Mexico were harvesting smaller and smaller bounties, and employment became scarce. The Mexican peasant needed to look elsewhere for survival. World War I also stoked the fire of Mexican immigration, since Mexican workers performed well in the industry and service fields, working in trades such as machinists, mechanics, painters and plumbers. These years were ripe with employment opportunities for Mexicans because much of the U.S. labor force was overseas fighting the war. Agencies in Mexico recruited for the railway and agriculture industries in the United States.
Mexican workers’ complaints about the abuse of their labor rights eventually led the Mexican government to action. Led by Venustiano Carranza in 1920, the Mexican government composed a model contract that guaranteed Mexican workers certain rights named in the Mexican Political Constitution. The contract demanded that U.S. ranchers allow workers to bring their families along during the period of the contract. No worker was allowed to leave for the United States without a contract, signed by an immigration official, which stated the rate of pay, work schedule, place of employment and other similar conditions. Thus, this became the first de facto Bracero Program between the two countries.
In 1924, the U.S. Border Patrol was created, an event which would have a significant impact on the lives of Mexican workers. Though the public did not immediately view Mexicans as “illegal aliens,” the law now stated that undocumented workers were fugitives. With the advent of the Border Patrol, the definition “illegal alien” is born, and many Mexican citizens north of the border are subject to much suspicion.
The Mexican work force was critical in developing the economy and prosperity of the United States. The Mexican workers in numerous accounts were regarded as strong and efficient. As well, they were willing to work for low wages, in working conditions that were questionably humane. Another measure of control was imposed on the Mexican immigrant workers during the depression: visas were denied to all Mexicans who failed to prove they had secure employment in the United States. The Mexicans who were deported under this act were warned that if they came back to the United States, they would be considered outlaws.
It seemed whenever the United States found a reason to close the door on Mexican immigration, a historic event would force them to reopen that door. Such was the case when the United States entered World War II. In 1942, the United States was heading to war with the fascist powers of Europe. Labor was siphoned from all areas of United States industry and poured into those which supported the war efforts. Also in that year, the United States signed the Bracero Treaty which reopened the floodgates for legal immigration of Mexican laborers. Between the period of 1942 and 1964, millions of Mexicans were imported into the U.S. as “braceros” under the Bracero Program to work temporarily on contract to United States growers and ranchers.
Under the Bracero Program, more than 4 million Mexican farm workers came to work the fields of the United States. Impoverished Mexicans fled their rural communities and traveled north to work as braceros. It was mainly by the Mexican hand that America became the most lush agricultural center in the world.
The braceros were principally experienced farm workers who hailed from regions such as Coahuila, “la Comarca Lagunera,” and other crucial agricultural regions in Mexico. They left their own lands and families chasing a rumor of economic boom in the United States.
Large groups of bracero applicants came via train to the northern border. Their arrival altered the social and economic environments of many border towns. Ciudad Juarez, across the border from El Paso, Texas, became a hotbed of recruitment and a main gathering point for the agricultural labor force.
The Bracero Program contracts were controlled by independent farmer associations and the “Farm Bureau,” and were written in English, and many braceros would sign them without understanding the rights they were giving away nor the terms of the employment.
The braceros were allowed to return to their native lands only in case of emergency, and required written permission from their employer. When the contracts expired, the braceros were mandated to hand over their permits and return to Mexico. The braceros in the United States were busy thinning sugar beets, picking cucumbers and tomatoes and weeding and picking cotton.
At the end of World War II, Mexican workers were ousted from their jobs by workers coming out of wartime industries and by returning servicemen. By 1947, the Emergency Farm Labor Service was working on decreasing the amount of Mexican labor imported. By the 1960s, an overflow of “illegal” agricultural workers along with the invention of the mechanical cotton harvester, diminished the practicality and appeal of the bracero program. These events, added to the gross humanitarian violations of bracero employers, brought the program to an end in 1964.
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~Theodore Roosevelt 1919