The changing flow of Central American migration

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Foreign News Report

The National Association of Former Border Patrol Officers (NAFBPO) extracts and condenses the material that follows from Mexican and Central and South American on-line media sources on a daily basis. You are free to disseminate this information, but we request that you credit NAFBPO as being the provider.

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Thursday, 9/16/10


El Nuevo Diario (Managua, Nicaragua) 9/15/10

The changing flow of Central American migration

Nicaragua has become the main generator of intra-regional migrants in Central America, while El Salvador, besides being an old source, has become a new recipient of migrants from neighboring area countries. Nicaraguans head to Costa Rica, Guatemala and El Salvador, where they join the labor force in the production of coffee and grains. Costa Rica has a population of some 4.5 million, and about 500,000 are Nicaraguans.

This data comes from SICA (Central American Integration System,) which also states that El Salvador, besides being an old source of migrants to the United States – where 2.5 million Salvadorans live – has also become “a new recipient” of migrants due to its adoption of the U.S. dollar as its national currency.

Guatemala is considered both a transit and destination country, while Panama has become a population recipient due to the major enlargement works on the canal. The report cites the factors causing migration: unemployment, low salaries, a desire to improve family conditions, paying debts or leaving extreme poverty, plus political and economic instability and violence brought about by criminality.

Some 79,000 persons in the area were killed between 2003 and 2008 due to ordinary as well as organized criminal activities. According to the Central American Economic Integration Bank, 33% of the area’s population subsists on less than 2 dollars a day. The seven countries of the region have 40 million inhabitants, and in 2009 the GDP was 178,227 million dollars (- 0.6%)

According to the Central American Studies Center, each day 1,000 Central Americans emigrate illegally, seeking to bypass migratory controls in order to reach the United States by land.


El Financiero (Mexico City) 9/15/10

Hispanic Heritage month celebrated in New York

Various pro-immigrant organizations, as well as state elected officials, will celebrate Hispanic Heritage Month, which seeks to acknowledge the Latino community’s contributions to the United States. This event began in 1968, when the U.S. Congress authorized Pres. Lyndon Johnson to designate Hispanic Heritage Week, starting on Sept. 15, commemorating the independence of Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Mexico and Chile, all of which took place from Sept. 16 to the 18th.

In 1988, the celebration was lengthened to a month “in honor of the culture and traditions of US citizens’ heritage linked to Spain, Mexico, and the Spanish-speaking nations of Central & South America and the Caribbean.” The “latino” community is the country’s largest ethnic minority.


El Diario (Saltillo, Coahuila) 9/15/10

Insecurity highlights Mexico’s independence celebrations

[The wave of violence being experienced in Mexico has impacted the country’s bi-centennial celebration of its independence and has caused severe measures of security. One Mexico City paper, El Financiero, today described the country’s capital as a “bunker” because of the security arrangements. The following item is representative of the somber mood of pessimism around the country.]

Hundreds of Chihuahua residents will celebrate Mexico’s Independence Day in the United States, mainly in El Paso, Texas, while others will do so at home, behind locked doors, due to the threats and terror sown by the drug cartels. Fourteen cities around the state of Chihuahua have called off any celebrations due to the prevailing violence, while the rest will use extensive security forces including police dogs, snipers, and thousands of police and soldiers. The celebration in Juarez faces the announced threat of a car bomb.

Paradoxically, the same is taking place along many other border area cities, causing thousands of their residents to go to El Paso, San Antonio and Santa Fe, among others.


El Sol de Mexico

Re: flow of weapons into Mexico

The Justice Commission of Mexico’s Chamber of Deputies (House of Reps.) reported that 1,000 arms enter Mexico illegally from the United States, and that without Washington’s participation this problem will continue without solution. The report adds that 180,000 arms are seized yearly, and that both pro- and anti- government legislators stated that a “good part of that armament is introduced through the national customs facilities, for which reason it is necessary to clean out that agency, since it’s a matter of national security.”


La Jornada (Mexico City) 9/15/10

Town’s police quits en masse

In Purepero, Michoacan, the chief of police, the deputy chief and 30 police officers – the entire force – suddenly and unexpectedly quit their jobs, reportedly because of lack of guarantees (not otherwise detailed) to carry out their work. Area officials are acting to provide security by using federal and state police.


Milenio (Mexico City) 9/15/10

Grenade attack on police

Shortly before midnight on Tuesday, unknown subjects drove by the police facility at Piedras Negras, Coahuila. There, the car’s passenger threw a grenade that exploded just outside the building. The sidewalk was cratered and the front door, wall and windows of the police building were damaged. There were no injuries. (Piedras Negras is just across the Rio Grande River Valley from Eagle Pass, Texas.)


– end of report –

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