NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF FORMER BORDER PATROL OFFICERS
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Foreign News Report
The National Association of Former Border Patrol Officers (NAFBPO) extracts and condenses the material that follows from Mexican and Central and South American on-line media sources on a daily basis. You are free to disseminate this information, but we request that you credit NAFBPO as being the provider.
El Heraldo (Tegucigalpa, Honduras) 10/20/09
The world’s most violent region
Drug traffic, organized crime and gangs are the principal factors which make Central America the most violent region of the world. This is especially true of the “North Triangle”: Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras. According to the 2009-2010 Central American Human Development report of the U.N.’s Development Program, the underlying causes are the “social maladjustments” of family disintegration, a large number of marginalized youths, a lack of a better future, disordered urban areas, an abundance of drugs, firearms and liquor, and a culture of violence.
Last year, Honduras had a rate of 58 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants, followed by El Salvador at 52 and Guatemala with 48. The world rate is 9, and that of Latin America is 25.
El Universal (Mexico City) 10/20/09
“Central America is a bridge for illegals” –
(Article’s sub-headline): “More and more African and Asian migrants arrive in the area, smuggled by Chinese and Colombian bands, heading to the U.S.”
Chinese and Colombian mafias, allied with the Central American “coyotes” have enlarged the hugely profitable, massive illegal traffic of persons who seek to enter the United States and Canada by land, via Mexico, and have converted Central America into the hallway of Africans and Asians – and not only Latin Americans and persons from the Caribbean, who face a dangerous journey with an uncertain outcome, after paying large amounts of money. The head of Panama’s Immigration Service said that this phenomenon could open up a thresher for the infiltration of international terrorism due to the illegal entry of fundamentalist African Muslims.
The Africans fly from South Africa to Brazil and go by land to Colombia, Central America and Mexico to be able to get into the United States and Canada. Due to controls in Costa Rica and Panama, routes change and sometimes they are taken by sea from the Colombian ports of Barranquilla and Cartagena, on the Caribbean, toward Nicaragua or Honduras, so that they may enter Belize, and from there, to Mexico, the United States and Canada. The minimum charge per each illegal migrant is over 7 thousand dollars. The head of Costa Rica’s Immigration and Foreigners’ Affairs, Mario Zamora, said that in Nicaragua and Honduras “they have social networks that assist them and collaborate with them during the trip, and in the case of Belize’s black population they wouldn’t stand out” and that once in Belize they obtain the trip to Mexico. He added: “The phenomenon continues. From information we’ve been able to obtain, we know that there are some two thousand persons of African origin in Colombia and the southern portion of Central America, which demonstrates that the detentions have been minimal in comparison with the official figures we have been furnished.”
Nearly 275 Africans are detained in immigration housing facilities in Central America, but the number could be higher because there is no precise official tally. Of the total, most are from Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana and Somalia, but also included are citizens of Afghanistan, Nepal and Bangladesh, who entered as part of the “African” network. The phenomenon began to be detected in 2008 and the key bases of the contraband operated in Costa Rica and Panama.
In August of this year, Costa Rican immigration police gave the smuggling ring a hard blow and captured three Colombians who were attempting to have a numerous group of Africans to go ashore at the Costa Rican port of Limon; they’re now accused of international people trafficking. Zamora explained that one of the causes for trafficking of Africans and Asians in Latin America is that Europe has reinforced its migratory and security controls.
In the case of Chinese, the structure is controlled by a Chinese Mafia known as “Red Dragon”, and that it charges up to some 60 thousand dollars per person to take them from Hong Kong to Paris and Bogota by air, and then they choose various options to attempt to reach the United States. One method of the traffic is to hide the Chinese in ships that sail from Panamanian ports to the United States. In other instances, the Chinese are taken by land to Panama and then by vessel to Guatemala so that they may enter Mexico and continue toward the United States. One of the routes detected is the one which takes them to Ecuador, and from the port of Guayaquil they’re sent to Guatemala so they may continue their northbound trip on Mexican soil. The maritime trip from Colombia to Nicaraguan and Honduran ports on the Caribbean is also used, from where they are sent by land to Belize, Guatemala and Mexico.
Costa Rican sources have confirmed that the Chinese mafia has made death threats against immigration officials because of smuggling operations being undone. Panamanian judicial sources warned about the danger of the Red Dragon, since the Chinese communities “are very reserved” in their culture, and for fear of becoming kidnapping and extortion victims of the gangs.
Correo (Guanajuato, Gto.) and Critica, (Hermosillo, Sonora) 10/20/09
Separate instances of police corruption
Following the assassination of two chiefs of police, the man in charge of public security for the state of Guanajuato wanted to fill those two police chief posts. Now, he reports that at least eight applicants for those and other high ranking law enforcement posts have flunked drug detection tests.
The town of Ures is in the hill country northeast of Hermosillo, Sonora. Near there, an Ures police officer and three companions were arrested when found to be transporting 201.5 kilos of marihuana and 8.5 kilos of its seed. To boot, the pickup they were using had been stolen from Tucson, Arizona.
Economista (Mexico City) 10/20/09
Juarez breaks homicide record
Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua, has now reached a total of 2,000 victims of assassinations for the year. That compares with 1,653 murders for all of last year. August and September both surpassed the 300 figure. There are currently 8,500 military deployed to assist in law enforcement in Juarez.
La Jornada (Mexico City) 10/20/09
Violence hits Morelos
“At least” seven cadavers were found today in various parts of the small Mexican state of Morelos, just south of Mexico City. Messages signed by the “Chief of Chiefs” were left with each of the executed victims.
Excelsior (Mexico City) 10/20/09
Murder of journalists
“Reporters without Borders” presented a report ranking countries in relation to the danger faced by journalists. In the Western Hemisphere, Cuba fared worst, in the 170th place worldwide. The next most dangerous Latin American country was Mexico, in the 137th position. Fifty-five journalists have been assassinated in Mexico since the year 2000.
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