NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF FORMER BORDER PATROL OFFICERS
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Foreign News Report
The National Association of Former Border Patrol Officers (NAFBPO) extracts and condenses the material that follows from Mexican and Central and South American on-line media sources on a daily basis. You are free to disseminate this information, but we request that you credit NAFBPO as being the provider.
Diario Xalapa (Xalapa, Veracruz) 2/9/09 (also in others of same, large national paper chain)
“Migration of illiterates increases 20%”
A study by the National Institute of Educational Evaluation (“INEE”) (of Mexico) reveals that the number of illiterate youths – from 15 to 29 years of age – who emigrate to the United States in search of better living opportunities increased by 20 percent.
It shows that this portion of the population – which did not finish basic education – went from 40 percent in 2004 to 60.2 percent in 2007. (Sic) According to its reports they come mainly from Chiapas, Durango, Veracruz, Michoacán, Oaxaca and Guerrero, states which have the highest level of poverty and marginalization as well as indigenous population.
The study “Educational Panorama of Mexico, 2008”
edited by INEE, points out the differences in migratory displacement of youths without basic education.
The most critical situation is in the state of Chiapas, where 81% of emigrant youths did not complete their basic education; it is followed by Durango with 79%, Guerrero with 72%.
In contrast, more than half of the 32.7 percent of youths who had completed their basic education came from Coahuila, Mexico, Sonora and Morelos. Further, 7.1% of those who had reached a middle or higher scholastic level came from three states: Sinaloa, Sonora and the Distrito Federal.
For INEE, these national level percentages demonstrate the possible educational de-capitalization of Mexico, because of the search for better income.
According to a “Poll about Migration in the Northern Border of Mexico,” the migratory crossings of Mexican youths from 15 to 29 years who have been in some U.S. border locality, (the respondents) stated that they would cross to work, to seek work or to reunite with family, and that they lacked immigration documents. It (the study) holds that the National Educational System has the task of elaborating strategies to reduce its vulnerability by increasing its schooling, at least reaching its basic level, so that they may face the U.S. labor market demands with better educational backgrounds.
“According to specialists in the matter, youths drop out of school between 15 and 29 years of age and become part of the labor market. In the case of Mexico, part of this population opts for migrating to the United States of America in search of better work opportunities because of the low employment capability at the national level.
The specialists agree that some youths lean towards migration as an alternative to social mobility, which induces backwardness or abandonment of schooling.
The majority of the emigrants head toward the United States of America.
In 2007, it points out, the total of Mexican displacements heading to the United States to work, to look for work or to reunite themselves with relatives, and who lacked immigration documents, according to the “Poll about Migration in the Northern Border of Mexico”, was 896 thousand 709 crossings a year, of which 55 percent, that is, 429 thousand 970 migratory displacements, were by youths between 15 and 29 years of age.
In general, it underlines, the average of school years completed by the migrant youths is 7.7 (average between 2000, 2005 and 2007), lower than the years needed to complete a basic education, which shows that, in general, the migration of undocumented Mexicans to the United States is one of low educational qualifications.
(The reports from the next three papers show the high levels of crime and insecurity in those Central American nations)
El Heraldo (Tegucigalpa, Honduras) 2/9/09
(The entire set of Honduran local events section headlines follows.)
* Adolescent dies of shot to the head
* Man executed south of the caoital
* Ex-police and ex-military nabbed for auto theft
* Policeman dies while confronting delinquents
* Choluna (a town) under siege by criminality
* Two men riddled by gunfire at traffic circle. (This last item had a sub-headline reporting the death of a 13 year old who was attacked with gunfire while riding his bicycle on the way to church on Sunday.)
La Prensa Grafica (San Salvador, El Salvador) 2/9/09
Salavadoran National Police reports 100 violent deaths in the first nine days in February. “Just last Saturday there were 22 homicides nationwide.” The most violent cities have been San Salvador, with 34 persons murdered, Santa Ana with 14 and La Libertad with 13.
Prensa Libre (Guatemala City, Guatemala) 2/9/09
An article titled “Twelve die from gunshots” describes the events surrounding the death of that many people “in the provinces” of Guatemala on Sunday.
El Diario de Coahuila (Saltillo, Coahuila) 2/9/09
* Mex. military located and dismantled the 16th “narcolab” of the year in Michoacán. This one, at the town of Ziracuaretiro, had the capacity to produce at least 400 kilos of synthetic drugs, enough for a million doses.
* Three teenagers between 14 and 17 were executed in the last 24 hours, two in Chihuahua and one in Guerrero; this last one, still wearing a school uniform, was decapitated. Four persons were murdered by organized crime in Guerrero. In Baja Calif. there were four murder victims: one “wrapped”, two incinerated and one other executed.
El Diario (Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua) 2/9/09
* At dawn Monday, a Mex. army unit seized nearly seven tons of weed, 9,753 rounds of ammo, a sack of weed seed, four vehicles and a trailer. (Although the report states that the operation was due to a citizen’s report about unknown subjects loading vehicles, there is no mention of arrests.) The event took place at El Millon, Chihuahua, a town some thirty miles down- river from Ciudad Juarez, just across the Rio Grande from Fabens, TX.
(The attachment that follows shows this haul)
* Thirty U.S. citizens were shot to death in Ciudad Juarez in 2008.
El Manana (Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas) 2/9/09
A confrontation took place (no date was cited) between Mexican army personnel and unknown subjects in Nuevo Laredo. The outcome was the seizure of 199 packages of cocaine with a total weight of 210 kilos, plus eight rifles, eight handguns, 2,282 rounds of ammo, six grenades, over 141 thousand dollars, 89 thousand pesos, much clothing, bullet proof vests, much communication gear (radios, cellular’s), handcuffs, clips and three vehicles. One gunman died.
Down-river, at Miguel Aleman, 520 kilos of weed were found at a ranch, and at the nearby San Ignacio commune they came up with six rifles and a hand gun.
La Cronica de Hoy (Mexico City) 2/9/09
The governor of the Mex. state of Quintana Roo, where Cancun is located, admitted the need for an in depth overhaul of that city’s police force. Its chief has now been taken to “SIEDO” (equiv: DEA) for inquiries regarding the assassination last week of three officers, one of them a general.
La Prensa (Mexico City) 2/9/09
18 thousand soldiers deserted the Mex. army in 2008. Of these, 560 were “elite” troops and many have joined drug cartels. The data comes from the Defense Committee of the Chamber of Deputies (House of Reps.)
There is a move there to revise the code of military justice to increase to 60 years in prison for those military personnel who join drug cartels.
La Voz de la Frontera (Mexicali, Baja Calif.) 2/9/09
Last Saturday night brought death by homicide to four persons in Mexicali within a lapse of three hours.
Excelsior (Mexico City) 2/9/09
The Tamaulipas state Public Security Dep’t. reported that some 800 police have been dismissed in that state within the last twelve months, 300 of them since August, all due to the clean-out process brought about by the National Security Accord. The number of dismissals will increase due to the start-up of the State Trustworthiness Center there.
Norte (Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua) 2/9/09
Violence in Juarez has claimed the life of sixty-five persons in the first eight days of the month. By comparison, in the entire month of February of 2008 forty-five persons were murdered. This last figure was surpassed in just the first five days of this month.
– end of report –