Mexico: Education dropout and delinquency rate of school age children high

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Foreign News Report

The National Association of Former Border Patrol Officers (NAFBPO) extracts and condenses the material that follows from Mexican and Central and South American on-line media sources on a daily basis. You are free to disseminate this information, but we request that you credit NAFBPO as being the provider.

Diario de Yucatan (Merida, Yuc.) 9/18/08  (This first item also turned up in numerous other papers)
–    Tonatiuh Bravo, president (read: chairman) of the Education Committee of Mexico’s Chamber of Deputies (House of Reps.) said that there are 2,800,000 youths out of school in Mexico and that constitutional reforms to make secondary school mandatory will contribute to more educational opportunities and “consolidation of democracy” in Mexico.
According to a 2007 UNESCO report, Mexico has a 32.9% failure rate in its secondary schools and a 15.5% drop-out rate, while only 6 out of ten students obtain their diplomas.

–    A second riot took place Wednesday in Tijuana’s La Mesa Penitentiary and at least nineteen persons died as a result while some 50 others were injured.
El Nuevo Diario  (Managua, Nicaragua) , a.m.  (Leon, Guanajuato) 9/18/08
–    The U.S. Coast Guard vessel USS McInerney intercepted a 22 meter long “semi-submersible” mini-sub and towed it to the port of Caldera, on Costa Rica’s Pacific coast. The cargo turned up to be 4.5 metric tons of cocaine; the four Colombian crewmen were detained. These “narcovessels” are said to be difficult to detect because they travel slowly and just below the surface, thus making radar detection harder; they are painted to blend in with the surrounding waters.
–    The U.S. 9th Circuit Court of Appeals also made news in Guanajuato due to its decision to uphold the Arizona state law penalizing employers who knowingly hire illegal aliens.
El Diario  (Ciudad Juarez ed.)  9/18/08
“In two different events, five men between 20 & 30 years of age were assassinated  by gunfire yesterday afternoon within a period of approximately one hour. With these homicides, the number of persons murdered violently so far this year increased to 944”  (Note: these figures relate to Juarez local events only)
Elsewhere in town, four other men who were standing on a street corner ended up in a hospital after they were shot from a passing vehicle.
La Cronica de Hoy  (9/18/08
In the small state of the same name, Mexican army and federal personnel made a surprise incursion into the headquarters and detachments of the Aguascalientes police during change of shift time yesterday. All police officers were detained and had their weapons taken away. The facilities themselves were also searched and at least six officers were then arrested; all this is apparently the result of an armed confrontation which caused the death of three federal agents on Tuesday.
Excelsior  (Mexico City)  9/18/08
Just found at the Mexico City Airport: one metric ton, 140 kilos of pseudoephedrine labeled as a medical shipment of “Actifel” and originating in Calcutta, India. On Sep. 11th two other similar shipment weighing 1,417 kilos of “Actifel” were detected, also originating in Calcutta.
(Note: the grenade attack of Sep. 15th against a crowd celebrating Mexico’s Independence Day in Morelia, Michoacan, has caused widespread condemnation in op/columns and editorials throughout Mexico. What follows is from two such columns appearing today, both from “El Universal” of Mexico City)
“Attacks in Morelia. Narco breaks another barrier” – by Alejandro Jimenez
The viciousness in the executions carried out by groups of narcotraffickers is rising and appears not to have a limit. In less than seven years it went from street assassinations in broad daylight – which seemed inconceivable – to the usage of seeing cadavers wrapped in bed clothes; from there it went to video executions and decapitations. Monday it reached grenade attacks against innocent persons in a public mass meeting.
Its goal was to intimidate rival groups, to instill fear in the civilian population and to send messages of its power to the three levels of government.
The tendency began at the end of the decade of the 90’s, with street executions of police supervisors in the north of the country, which scandalized public opinion. Then followed the multiple cases of people found dead (“trunked”) in trunks of cars. This was followed by the wrapping of cadavers.
The victims were, generally, members of rival cartels.
In 2001 the total of executions linked to organized crime was one thousand 800. For 2004, the number rose to one thousand 304 (sic). It was then that the violence and brutality became unstoppable.
On December 1, 2005, lawlessness crossed its own limits of violence by means of “videoexecutions”. That day, The Dallas Morning News newspaper made public on its front page a video in which the execution of four Zeta members was seen, tortured and murdered in front of the cameras.
Another mark was set in 2006: the heads of two city policemen showed up, nailed in front of the office of the Finance Department.
The example of decapitations having been established, La Familia of Michoacan dumped five heads inside a bar in Uruapan in September  of 2006. Mutilated bodies have not ceased to turn up since then.
The worst of the videos was one called “Do right for the Homeland, kill a Zeta”, made public by YouTube during the first days of April of 2007, in which is seen the decapitation, by means of a wire, of another supposed member of Los Zetas.
New records have been set in 2008. On August 16, in Chihuahua, a Juarez Cartel commando riddled 14 persons – among them a baby -. Without further ado, they entered to massacre all those present at a baptism.
On August 28 a dozen decapitated bodies were found in Yucatan.
Last Friday the cadavers of 24 persons were found at La Marquesa.
Last Monday, two fragmentation grenades were hurled in Morelia, during the ceremony of the shout for independence, with a result of seven persons dead and 132 wounded. No longer are rival gangs attacked, but (also) the civilian population. They broke another barrier.
3 thousand 227 executions have been recorded so far this year, when there are still three and a half months for 2008 to end.
– – – –
Attacks in Morelia. Psychosis at the national level; security reinforced – By Azucena Silva & Rafael Rivera
Massive events in the country cancelled for fear of attacks.
In different parts of the country, Mexico City included, security operations were reinforced to avoid a new blood episode like the one which took place September 15 in Morelia, Michoacan.
The army increased vigilance in all approaches to Jalisco and on the highways in Aguascalientes, Zacatecas, Nayarit and Colima, according to the commander of the 5th military region, Enrique Canovas.
In Morelia, cultural events, political activities and programmed sporting events because of the national holidays were cancelled, including the bullfight at La Monumental.
(Note: the foregoing is but a short sample of the long, nationwide list of cancellations and extra security measures taking place nationwide in Mexico in both private and official locales and events, all detailed in this second op/column)
– end of report _

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