Merida Initiative to be Reconstructed

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Foreign News Report

The National Association of Former Border Patrol Officers (NAFBPO) extracts and condenses the material that follows from Mexican and Central and South American on-line media sources on a daily basis. You are free to disseminate this information, but we request that you credit NAFBPO as being the provider.
Frontera  (Tijuana, Baja Calif.)  6/9/08
–   The 47th U.S. – Mexico Inter-Parliamentary reunion ended yesterday in Monterrey, Nuevo Leon with the determination by U.S. Congressional members to revise the provisions of the Merida Initiative so as to make it more acceptable to Mexico and to avoid provisos and determinant conditions. The controversial initiative was the issue under discussion in the last work session, during which the Mexican Congress exhorted its counterpart to remove all pre-conditions and to work together to reestablish trust. Likewise, U.S. Congressional members undertook themselves to review the provisos of the plan to find the necessary consensus to work together against organized crime.
–   This Sunday was one of the more violent days in Tijuana; there were eight homicides in various parts of the city, among them three subjects who were executed and then burned on a hill.
El Universal  (Mexico City)  6/9/08
–   Confrontations between organized groups left twelve dead in Chihuahua. Eight of the crimes took place in Ciudad Juarez, which has now reached 450 such events for the year. And in Culiacan, Sinaloa, two bodies were found, both tied, tortured and with ropes around their necks. Another man fell victim to AK47 gunfire in Culiacan late Saturday evening.
–   Mexico’s National Human Rights Commission (“CNDH”) asked the government to intensify protective activities on behalf of undocumented Mexican migrants subjected to lightning deportation court judgments and being treated as criminals in the states of Texas, New Mexico, Arizona and California. The organization warned there have been cases of Mexicans arrested under the Zero Tolerance Operation, or Streamline, where they have been taken from detention centers to federal courts, judged in collective sessions of an hour or less, a situation which leaves them in a defenseless situation. By advice from public defenders, they declare themselves guilty since this is the easiest and fastest way of deporting them and recording them as criminals.
El Universo  (Guayaquil, Ecuador)  6/9/08
The Ecuadorean government criticized the newly adopted policies of the European Union ministers regarding “irregular migration” and will ask for the repeal of this law which punishes undocumented aliens in its territory with jail terms. The head of the Ecuadorean “Migraciones” Dep’t., Lorena Escudero, said the decisions adopted last week in Luxembourg are “a step backward” and configure a “tendency toward criminalization” of the “irregular migrants.”
Somewhat more than 1.2 million Ecuadoreans have emigrated legally or illegally to the United States and Europe in the last eight years, the equivalent of 10% of the population census of 2001.
El Diario de Yucatan  (Merida, Yucatan)  6/9/08
(Note: the following are the first four paragraphs of an op/column by Denise Dresser titled “True, this war has no end”)
Police placed in car trunks. Men placed in barrels. Decapitated bodies. Soldiers riddled by gunfire.  Terrified citizens. Burnt automobiles. More than 4,000 executed in less than two years. Victims of a brutal, futile, endless war. Victims of a struggle which the government of Felipe Calderon anticipates winning but will not be able to do so. Because the war against drugs will never end with a measurable triumph by the good guys over the bad ones, with a resounding victory that the country may celebrate. Because one of the first casualties that any war produces is the hiding of the truth.   The obfuscation of a reality in which – as George Orwell would say – “we denounce war, while we preserve the type of society which makes it inevitable.”
Mexico, the country where the expansion of narcotraffic is one more symptom of all that does not function. Where the senseless deaths have become insufferably repetitious. Where the effects are attacked, but not the causes. Where many criticize the violence which narcotraffic produces, but few talk about the economic, political and social structure which makes it possible. That scaffolding of politicians who protect narcotraffickers and narcotraffickers who finance politicians; of organized criminals who launder money and financial institutions that profit from it; of hired killers who murder police officers and of police officers who pay them to do it; of judges who become accomplices of organized crime and the organized crime that bribes them. That’s why when Juan Camilo Mourino (note: Mexico’s Secretary of Government) declares that “The Mexican State is much more powerful than any capacity of these groups to corrupt institutions, intimidate society or destroy human lives” he shows how little he understands the problem.
Today the Mexican State has been infiltrated by the forces it claims to combat. Today the Mexican State declares that it is winning the war against the bad guys, when in reality it houses them. Where are the governors brought before a court of law, the punished mayors, the investigated prosecuting attorneys, the jailed senators, the accused militaries ?  The history of the “war” against narcotraffic in Mexico is one of symmetries and mimicries and complicities. The corruption in the streets is reflected in every hallway of power, in every division of the Army, in every police squad, in every prosecutorial agency, in every court, in every town in which the victims of violence fear speaking out or denouncing or confronting. Narcotraffic feeds from a vast web woven along the years to constrict consequences. It lives upon shared corruption, of an intermittent legal system, of the incapacity of the political class to speak and act honestly.
“The operations are giving results”, they say. “We are winning, even though it might not look like it”, says the attorney general Eduardo Medina Mora. One and another arguing that violence is the result of efficiency; the increase in the executions is indicative of the interdictions; the multiplication of deaths is evidence of a firm hand and not of an inefficient hand. One and another competing to prove how draconian they are. One and another closing their eyes in front of social and economic forces too deep rooted to be fought only with more weapons, more bullets, more police, more militaries, more blood on the ground, more simplistic solutions for complex problems.
The defenders of the present strategy have made a declaration of war that – in reality – constitutes an admission of defeat in front of interests which they cannot disarticulate. All, ignoring the structural problems of a country with a permanent subclass of 40 million poor. With a dysfunctional police system. With a corruption that because of political convenience no one wants to fight. With an educational system in too bad a shape to assure social mobility, and because of that the illegitimate economy of narcotraffic becomes the only solution for so many Mexicans. Historical bosses, intransigent bosses, recalcitrant bosses who fertilize the ground for narcotraffic and who live and grow richer with it. The business of narcotraffic is increasing because Mexico has wagered that its destiny does not depend on the incorporation of half of its population into the national development.
– end of report –

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